Biomol Ther  
ZFP36L1 and AUF1 Induction Contribute to the Suppression of Inflammatory Mediators Expression by Globular Adiponectin via Autophagy Induction in Macrophages
Aastha Shrestha, Nirmala Tilija Pun and Pil-Hoon Park*
College of Pharmacy, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Republic of Korea
E-mail: parkp@yu.ac.kr
Tel: +82-53-810-2826, Fax: +82-53-810-4654
The first two authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: May 2, 2018; Revised: May 18, 2018; Accepted: May 25, 2018; Published online: July 13, 2018.
© The Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Adiponectin, a hormone predominantly originated from adipose tissue, has exhibited potent anti-inflammatory properties. Accumulating evidence suggests that autophagy induction plays a crucial role in anti-inflammatory responses by adiponectin. However, underlying molecular mechanisms are still largely unknown. Association of Bcl-2 with Beclin-1, an autophagy activating protein, prevents autophagy induction. We have previously shown that adiponectin-induced autophagy activation is mediated through inhibition of interaction between Bcl-2 and Beclin-1. In the present study, we examined the molecular mechanisms by which adiponectin modulates association of Bcl-2 and Beclin-1 in macrophages. Herein, we demonstrated that globular adiponectin (gAcrp) induced increase in the expression of AUF1 and ZFP36L1, which act as mRNA destabilizing proteins, both in RAW 264.7 macrophages and primary peritoneal macrophages. In addition, gene silencing of AUF1 and ZFP36L1 caused restoration of decrease in Bcl-2 expression and Bcl-2 mRNA half-life by gAcrp, indicating crucial roles of AUF1 and ZFP36L1 induction in Bcl-2 mRNA destabilization by gAcrp. Moreover, knock-down of AUF1 and ZFP36L1 enhanced interaction of Bcl-2 with Beclin-1, and subsequently prevented gAcrp-induced autophagy activation, suggesting that AUF1 and ZFP36L1 induction mediates gAcrp-induced autophagy activation via Bcl-2 mRNA destabilization. Furthermore, suppressive effects of gAcrp on LPS-stimulated inflammatory mediators expression were prevented by gene silencing of AUF1 and ZFP36L1 in macrophages. Taken together, these results suggest that AUF1 and ZFP36L1 induction critically contributes to autophagy induction by gAcrp and are promising targets for anti-inflammatory responses by gAcrp.
Keywords: Adiponectin, AUF1, Autophagy, Bcl-2, Inflammation, TTP


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