Biomolecules & Therapeutics  
Improved Antitumor Efficacy of Hyaluronic Acid-Complexed Paclitaxel Nanoemulsions in Treating Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Joo-Eun Kim and Young-Joon Park*
College of Pharmacy, Ajou University, Suwon 16499, Republic of Korea
E-mail: parkyj64@gmail.com
Tel: +82-31-219-3493, Fax: +82-31-219-3432
Received: November 24, 2016; Revised: December 27, 2016; Accepted: December 30, 2016; Published online: February 17, 2017.
© The Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Paclitaxel (PTX) is a effectively chemotherapeutic agent which is extensively able to treat the non-small cell lung, pancreatic, breast and other cancers. But it is a practically insoluble drug with water solubility less than 1 µg/mL, which restricts its therapeutic application. To overcome the problem, hyaluronic acid-complexed paclitaxel nanoemulsions (HPNs) were prepared by ionic complexation of paclitaxel (PTX) nanoemulsions and hyaluronic acid (HA) to specifically target non-small cell lung cancer. HPNs were composed of DL-α-tocopheryl acetate, soybean oil, polysorbate 80, ferric chloride, and HA and fabricated by high-pressure homogenization. The HPNs were 85.2 ± 7.55 nm in diameter and had a zeta potential of -35.7 ± 0.25 mV. The encapsulation efficiency was almost 100%, and the PTX content was 3.0 mg/mL. We assessed the in vivo antitumor efficacy of the HPNs by measuring changes in tumor volume and body weight in nude mice transplanted with CD44-overexpressing NCI-H460 xenografts and treated with a bolus dose of saline, Taxol®, PTX nanoemulsions (PNs), or HPNs at a dose of 25 mg/kg. Suppression of cancer cell growth was higher in the PN- and HPN-treated groups than in the Taxol® group. In particular, HPN treatment dramatically inhibited tumor growth, likely because of the specific tumor-targeting affinity of HA for CD44-overexpressed cancer cells. The loss of body weight and organ weight did not vary significantly between the groups. It is suggest that HPNs should be used to effective nanocarrier system for targeting delivery of non-small cell lung cancer overexpressing CD44 and high solubilization of poorly soluble drug.
Keywords: Hyaluronic acid-complexed paclitaxel nanoemulsions, Specific targeting, Antitumor efficacy, Non-Small cell lung cancer


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