Biomol Ther (Seoul)  
Calcium Signaling of Lysophosphatidylethanolamine through LPA1 in Human SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells
Jung-Min Lee, Soo-Jin Park and Dong-Soon Im*
Molecular Inflammation Research Center for Aging Intervention (MRCA) and College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Republic of Korea
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Received: February 25, 2016; Revised: April 11, 2016; Accepted: April 22, 2016; Published online: June 17, 2016.
© The Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology. All rights reserved.

Lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LPE), a lyso-type metabolite of phosphatidylethanolamine, has been reported to be an intercellular signaling molecule. LPE mobilizes intracellular Ca2+ through G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) in some cells types. However, GPCRs for lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) were not implicated in the LPE-mediated activities in LPA GPCR overexpression systems or in SK-OV3 ovarian cancer cells. In the present study, in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells, experiments with LPA1 antagonists showed LPE induced intracellular Ca2+ increases in an LPA1 GPCR-dependent manner. Furthermore, LPE increased intracellular Ca2+ through pertussis-sensitive G proteins, edelfosine-sensitive-phospholipase C, 2-APB-sensitive IP3 receptors, Ca2+ release from intracellular Ca2+ stores, and subsequent Ca2+ influx across plasma membranes, and LPA acted on LPA1 and LPA2 receptors to induce Ca2+ response in a 2-APB-sensitive and insensitive manner. These findings suggest novel involvements for LPE and LPA in calcium signaling in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.
Keywords: Lysophosphatidylethanolamine, LPA1, Lysophosphatidic acid, GPCR, Neuroblastoma, Receptor

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